Organised Crime Groups In Albania
Purchase includes free access to book updates online and a free trial membership in the publisher's book club where you can select from more than a million books without charge. Excerpt: The Albanian Mafia (AM) or Albanian Organized Crime (AOC) are the general terms used for various criminal organizations based in Albania or composed of ethnic Albanians. Albanian criminals are significantly active in the United States and the European Union (EU) countries, participating in a diverse range of criminal enterprises including drug and arms trafficking. Industry experts in Albania estimate that their worldwide criminal activity is worth more than $170 billion annually, 25% is transported to Kosovo and Albania. It is said that Albania has 15-30 families or clans comprised of around 20 people per clan, thus making membership of around 1000 members Albanian organized crime has its roots in traditional family-based clans called Fis. From roughly the 15th century under the prince Lekë Dukagjini, the clans operated under a set of laws known as kanuni. It heavily valued loyalty to one's clan and trust, or besim. Each clan ruled over and controlled a certain area, and occasionally this gave rise to violence, and blood feuds known as Gjakmarje. It is these principles of kanun that gave rise to Albanian organized crime today, and make it more difficult for Albanian gangs to be infiltrated by law enforcement. The Albanian mafia are not as notorious as the Italian or French, and often stand back during high-end deals to the Somalians and Nigerian connections. There had always been black market activities under the Communist regime. After the collapse of Communism in the late 1980s, Albania's newfound connections to the rest of the world led to the expansion of its organized crime groups to an international level with the notorious and feared leader Nadimz "Chichi" D. The Kosovo War played a key role in the rise of the Albanian mafia througho... More:
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