L-Arginine Aspartate: (2.5 g), L-Arginine: (3 g)
L-arginine is an amino acid found in many foods such as dairy products, meat, poultry, fish, nuts and chocolate. It supports several processes in the body, including cell division, normal healing and immune function, and the secretion of important hormones in the body. L-arginine ultimately contributes to the secretion of human growth hormone (HGH), and prolactin via stimulating the pituitary gland and pancreatic release of glucagon and insulin. L-arginine also promotes the normal production of nitric oxide (NO), a substance that helps blood vessels remain relaxed (termed vasodilation). L-arginine supplements may prove to be a good way to maintain healthy circulation to the heart and other blood vessels. These effects have been exhibited in various double-blind, placebo-controlled studies.
Glycine: (4 g)
Glycine is the simplest amino acid used to make proteins. It works hand in hand with L-glutamine, another amino acid playing supporting brain function. Glycine has shown some positive implications in regard to supporting mental function. Another study hypothesizes that glycine may enhance memory and mental function. Glycine alone and in combination with other amino acids has shown to support normal healing.*
Proprietary Blend: L-Glutamine, Colostrum, L-Lysine (as L-Lysine HCL), Taurine, DNA/RNA (from brewers yeast)
L-Glutamine is an amino acid derived from another amino acid, glutamic acid. L-Glutamine helps maintain the health of the immune system, digestive tract and muscle cells. It acts as fuel for the cells that line the intestines. Heavy exercise, infection, surgery and trauma can decrease the body's glutamine reserves, especially in muscle cells.
Colostrum is the clear/cloudy pre-milk that female mammals secrete prior to producing milk. Colostrum for dietary supplements is usually derived from cows and contains lactoferrin, lactoperoxidase, lysozyme, lactalbumin, glycoproteins, cytokines, polypeptides, growth factors, and vitamins and minerals. Colostrum is claimed to help support the immune system, healthy bowel movements, support the gastrointestinal tract, and improve exercise performance and recovery.
L-Lysine is a protein amino acid, classified as an essential amino acid, which means that it must be obtained through the diet. Some proteins, such as those found in meat, poultry and milk, are rich in L-lysine. Wheat germ is rich in L-lysine. Small amounts of free L-lysine are found in vegetables, vegetable juices, and in fermented foods like miso and yogurt. In the liver, L-lysine and other amino acids support protein production. It may promote the normal formation of D-glucose and glycogen, as well as lipids. It may also help to produce energy.
Taurine is a nonprotein amino acid and found in high amounts in the brain, retina, myocardium, skeletal and smooth muscle, platelets and neutrophils. It is plentiful in the fluids of muscle, lungs and nerve tissue. Dietary taurine mainly comes from animal food sources. Taurine is also present in plant food sources, as well as seaweeds in smaller amounts. It is classified as an essential amino acid, and it supports normal micelle formation and fat absorption. Its important in the hydration of the body and gives an energy boost by stimulating the cells nutrient uptake, as well as promoting physical reaction time. Further, it boosts mental alertness and enhances the ability to concentrate. Taurine also has antioxidant activities and supports stable membranes. It helps maintain healthy cholesterol and blood pressure. It may also help maintain a healthy cardiovascular system while delivering detoxifying activities.
DNA/RNA is the genetic material that we all have stored in our bodies at most cellular levels, governing a variety of body processes. DNA, which makes up the genetic material, is made up of units called nucleotides. Some recent research shows that the body may not always produce adequate amounts of its own DNA and RNA. There are certain conditions in which the body requires dietary nucleic acids and or nucleotides to meet its physiological needs. These conditions include rapid growth, limited food supply and metabolic stress. Under these conditions, metabolic demand exceeds the capacity of de novo synthesis. Under these conditions, dietary nucleosides, nucleotides and nucleic acids become essential nutrients. Dietary nucleotides may spare the energetic cost of de novo synthesis of nucleotides. Dietary nucleic acids are found in plant and animal foods. DNA/RNA supplementation may support the immune system and promote normal tissue-regeneration.
Folate (as Folic Acid) (150 mcg_
Folic acid is mainly found in fruits and vegetables. Dark, leafy greens, oranges and orange juice, beans and peas are the best sources, as well as Brewers yeast, which supplies additional B-vitamins.
Folic acid plays a key role by boosting the benefits of B12 supplementation. These two B-vitamins work together in maintaining normal red blood cells. Folic acid supports the normal utilization of amino acids and proteins, as well as promotes the normal construction of the material for DNA and RNA synthesis. Scientific studies have found that when working in tandem with folic acid, B12 is capable of promoting normal homocysteine levels. This works toward supporting a healthy nervous system.*
Magnesium (as magnesium citrate) (150 mg)
Foods rich in magnesium include unpolished grains, nuts and green vegetables. Green, leafy vegetables are potent sources of magnesium. The average daily magnesium intake in the U.S. for males nine years and older is estimated to be about 323 milligrams; for females nine years and older, it is estimated to be around 228 milligrams.
Magnesium is a component of the mineralized part of bone and is necessary for the metabolism of potassium and calcium in adults. It helps maintain normal levels of potassium, phosphorus, calcium, adrenaline and insulin. It also promotes the normal mobilization of calcium, transporting it inside the cell for further utilization, thus making it helpful in maintaining bone health. It promotes the normal functioning of muscle and nervous tissue. Magnesium supports the normal synthesis of all proteins, nucleic acids, nucleotides, cyclic adenosine monophosphate, lipids and carbohydrates. This mineral also promotes kidney and bladder health.
Magnesium promotes normal energy release, regulation of the body temperature, and proper nerve function, helping the body handle stress and regulating metabolism. Magnesium works with calcium to support the regulation of the heart and blood pressure. Importantly, magnesium promotes the building of healthy bones and teeth, and proper muscle development. If taken in relatively high amounts, it works with calcium and vitamin D to help keep bones strong.