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Blood Sugar Control: Maintaining Normal Blood Sugar Levels

Blood sugar refers to the glucose present in your blood. Glucose is the main sugar found in your blood and is the body’s primary source of energy. You receive glucose from the food you eat, specifically carbohydrates.
Blood sugar levels represent the amount of glucose being carried through the bloodstream at the time the measurement is taken, and are an indication of how efficiently your body metabolizes glucose.  Blood sugar levels may fluctuate throughout the day, though they typically rise following a meal. Because glucose is such a vital source of energy, maintaining levels that are neither too low nor too high is important to supporting the optimal functions of the body. So, how are we able to maintain normal blood glucose levels, and what are the potential effects of high blood sugar on the body?

Insulin & Glucagon: The Body’s Form of Blood Sugar Control
Your body is able to regulate blood sugar levels through the release of two hormones that are secreted by the pancreas: insulin and glucagon. Insulin and glucagon work together to maintain normal blood sugar levels. When glucose levels are high, insulin is released to bring those blood sugar levels back down. When blood sugar is low, glucagon is released to raise those levels.

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“Carbohydrates and Blood Sugar”. The Nutrition Source, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. Web. 10 Jan. 2018. 
“Blood Sugar”. MedlinePlus, U.S. National Library of Medicine. Web. 10 Jan. 2018. 
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“Blood Sugar or Blood Glucose: What Does It Do?”. Medical News Today. 08 Feb. 2017. Web. 10 Jan. 2018. Semeco, Arlene, MS, RD.
“15 Easy Ways to Lower Blood Sugar Levels Naturally”. Healthline. 03 May. 2016. Web. 10 Jan. 2018. Villines, Zawn.
“How insulin and glucagon work to regulate blood sugar levels”. Medical News Today. 18 Mar. 2017. Web. 10 Jan. 2018.